Types and Genres of essays

It is very important to know that producing a text is important for a lifetime, as we are always writing, either by answering questions from school subjects or by writing a post on social networks. Therefore, in addition to being attentive to the grammatical rules, you must know the textual types and what are the genres that each one has.

First, it is necessary to know what these two terms are and what they are different:

The textual type is related to the characteristics that a text has, as is its writing, what are its properties, the structure and the form to be followed, what are the verbal tenses that can be assumed, so that these characteristics in text can be grouped into types.

And the textual genre is related to the peculiarities of each text, subdividing the types into different small genres.

See below the textual types most commonly collected in competitions and vestibular tests, in addition to the academic and academic environment, they are:

1The essayargumentative text:

In this type, it is usually explored controversial subjects from the point of view of the one who writes, however, it is necessary to write only in third person, what does this mean? We should never put expressions likein my opinion“, “I think“, or any other expression that refers to the one who writes. You should then use forms that refer to theit (s)’, so that thememoves away from the text, giving more credibility to the selected arguments.

This text should basically present: an introduction with the thesis that will be explored according to the proposed theme; development with the exploration of the arguments to support the presented thesis; and, finally, a conclusion, in which it is necessary to present a proposal to intervene on the topic.

Within this textual type we have some examples of textual genres: journal articles, reviews, scientific articles, monographs, master’s dissertations and doctoral theses and the famous ENEM writing.

2The descriptive text:

In this textual type are described facts, objects, places and characters involved. Normally, these texts end up having many adjectives, since it is exposing things and people. Unlike the essay text, it is possible to write such a text describing something or someone in the third person or talking about yourself in the first person.

As an example, we have the following textual genres: news, blogs, journals and personal reports, biography and autobiography, menus, resumes, among others.

3The narrative:

In this textual type, facts are narrated through stories that involve characters in a given time and space. Normally, this text has a climax between the development and the conclusion, that presents / displays outcome of the narration. It is possible to write a text of this type in 1st person, that is, with a narrator who participates in the story, or in 3rd person, with the narrator distanced.

As examples of textual genres, we have: chronicles, fables, legends, among others.

4Expository Text

In this textual type, it is necessary to present the idea of the proposed theme. Typically, this topic is explored through information, definitions, and description of a particular theme. Its use is common in school and academic settings.

Examples of textual genres include lectures, conferences, seminars and even dictionaries or encyclopedias.

5Instructional Text

In this type of text, instructions and guidance are given on certain things, such as manuals and recipes. Usually they are written in imperative mode, that is, it indicates an order, a request or advice.

Within this textual type we have some examples of textual genres, they are: recipes, package inserts, instruction manuals, advertisements, among others.

Understanding textual types and their genres not only assists in the production of good texts, but also in the understanding and interpretation of others, which ultimately brings more ground to always take note 10. Therefore, dominating them along with the grammar at the tip of the tongue , you will be prepared to write several essays.