When you approach the exams for college entrance exams, competitions or even at school and in undergraduate courses, you need to know how to make good book summaries. Often summaries are confused with critical reviews, and students in general often wonder what this summary is and how it differs from a review.
A summary is a textual genre of the expository type, it is the one that will synthesize the main ideas of the story narrated in a book, analyzing and simplifying what is described, so that the content will be learned and memorized. Normally, the texts to be summarized are those that have a story involving characters developing facts with their description, time and space, that is, the narrative type.
A review belongs to the same textual type, but it is a type of summary in which the author must present his interpretation of it, so that it is necessary to add the point of view about history, unlike the abstract, that no more judgments of values, that is, constructions are not allowed as: “I think”, “in my opinion”, among others.
Book summaries are great allies to demonstrate that the contents of the book have been understood and interpreted, and are often billed as assessments in both regular and tertiary education. In the vestibular and contest, they can be collected in their tests, in addition to which summary is useful to synthesize the main ideas for the fixation of the content, aiding in the study of those books that will fall in the proofs of Literature.
Note the main characteristics of this genre:
1) Read and reread the book that will summarize
Firstly, it is necessary to read and reread the book, as it is a larger amount of text than small texts of interpretation, it is good to have enough attention and, if necessary, to divide the reading separating certain hours of reading with stipulated duration.
2) Organize the ideas
Make notes about the main ideas and brand or write down the key words, trying to create a sort of mental map about the facts.
3) Start writing the abstract
After reading, re-reading and making notes about the book, the ideal is to start writing a text presenting the main ideas, describing the main characters the space and time of the event, always following the chronological order of the facts. You can start by presenting the ideas from each section, then lowering your text, removing what is beyond the main until you reach the final version.
4) Do not make copies
It is important to write your summary in your own words from a careful and careful reading of the book to be summarized.
5) Note the structure and writing of the abstract:
Make sure your text is clear and objective; if you are not letting misspellings and grammatical errors and are following the rules requested. Many teachers ask for an amount of pages or characters to follow, but in general, the ideal is not to write too much, because the idea of a summary is a summary, so that only the main text must be explicit.
Important: Do not confuse the need to write with your own word with the utterance of opinions!
Therefore, it is ideal to follow a structure respecting the beginning, middle and end of your text, presenting in the beginning the main idea, the characters, the time and space, then the development of history demonstrating the problem to be solved and the climax built by author; and finally, the resolution of the problem presented.
With this recipe, you’ll be prepared to buckle into the study and come up with great summaries.